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IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) As An Alternative to Infertility Problems?
Modern medicine has grown in leaps and bounds over the last century, but perhaps the biggest accomplishment of modern medicine is In Vitro fertilization (IVF), which has literally brought new life to millions of childless couples and families. It can be claimed to be the greatest gift of science because of several environmental, social and biological reasons like pollution, stress, and low sperm motility prevent couples from experiencing parental joy.
The IVF cycle consists of the following five steps:
This is the first step involved in IVF which takes 8 to 14 days. Using fertility drugs to stimulate the woman's ovary to produce more than one egg, which is usual for normal ovulation. IVF is usually done with multiple eggs because not all eggs develop normally on fertilization, or fertilize at all. Ultrasounds and blood tests are done to find out if eggs are ready to be retrieved.
When the eggs are ready, transvaginal ultrasound aspiration, a surgical procedure, is carried out to locate mature follicles and remove eggs using suction. Laparoscopic surgery can also be performed to remove the eggs.
In this stage, the eggs are examined to determine which stand a viable chance of fertilization and these are then kept in a culture medium for insemination. Meanwhile, the best sperms are separated from the man's semen and added to the eggs in the incubator.
In a few hours, a sperm penetrates an egg; usually the physician confirms fertilization the next day by formation of pronuclei- two of these unite to form zygote which divides to form embryo. The embryo reaches 2 to 4 cell stage in two days after fertilization, 6 to 10 cell stage on the third day and after five days forms the blastocyst. The blastocyst consists of cells with fluid cavity which ultimately lead to foetal tissues.
The embryo is placed in the uterus at this stage. The embryo is placed in fluid and drawn into a catheter, using which it is inserted into the vagina of the surrogate, through the cervix, into the uterus. If the embryo transfer is successful, i.e., the embryos attach to the uterine wall, the surrogate mother will test positive in pregnancy test.
IVF is a very successful medical procedure but you should ahead with it after getting consultation from a medical expert. This would act as your best guide to achieve successful conception.